Poland is
a country situated in Central Europe
and boasts of being the largest country in the area. It stands bordered by Baltic Sea in the north and the Carpathian Mountains in the south. Apart from that, it also shares frontiers with Russia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Germany. In terms of geography, the country mainly comprises of low-lying areas, with woods and lakes. However, it even boasts of key mountain chains, including the Sudety and Tatra Mountains. Freshwater lakes and sandy beaches form some other geographical features of the country. In case you want to know more about Poland, make use of the information given below.
  • The official name of Poland is the ‘Republic of Poland’.
  • Warsaw is the capital city of Poland.
  • The official language of Poland is Polish. Apart from that, English, German, Russian and French are also spoken there.
  • Majority of the people in Poland follow Roman Catholicism.  
  • Poland is the 69th largest country in the world as well as the 9th largest country in Europe.
  • Warsaw, Lodz, Krakow, Wroclaw, Poznan, and Gdansk make up the six biggest cities of Poland.
  • Rysy, sited in the Tatra Mountains and soaring to a height of 2,499m, forms the highest point in Poland.
  • The north-east regions of Poland are the coldest, while the south-west regions are the warmest.
  • The name ‘Burek, literally meaning a brownish-grey color, is very popular as far as dog names in Poland are concerned.
  • Poland joined NATO in 1999, while it became a member of the European Union in 2004.
  • The year 1989 saw Poland holding its first free elections, in more than 40 years.
  • Most of the Poles consider their name day more important than their birthday.
  • The White tailed Eagle is the national symbol of Poland.
  • Poland is the 6th most populous and the 6th largest of the 27 member states in the European Union.
  • Amongst all the members of the European Union, the residents of Poland marry the youngest.
  • Polish people have the largest households in the European Union.
  • As per 2007 UNICEF report on child well-being in rich countries, Poland ranks second in the 25 OECD countries surveyed in terms of "behaviors and risks" (healthy lifestyle, lack of violence) and third in terms of educational well-being.
  • Poles have won 17 Nobel prizes till date, including four Peace Prizes and five in Literature.